Capital City: Nairobi, 2.5 million inhabitants
Total Area: 583.00 kms.
Area under water: 13,600 sq km’s.
Population: 31 million people (2003)
Languages : English and Swahili.
Religions: Christians are the majority in the countryside, whereas Muslims are common on the Coast and are about 30% of the population; minority groups practice traditional religions.
Independence Date: 12 December 1963
Industry: Tourism, processed food, Brewing, vehicles and accessories, Cotton and Textiles, Cement and construction materials, chemicals.
Agriculture: Coffee, Tea, Cotton, sisal, tobacco.
Kenya’s independence from the British empire was marked by the election of Jomo Kenyatta as the first President of Kenya in 12 December 1963. He ruled until his death in 1978, leading the KANU party as a single party state. The country enjoyed development and stability. Daniel Arap Moi followed Kenyatta and remained in power for 25 years conducting a rigid autocratic regime. Democratic elections were first held in 1993 and confirmed the presidency of Moi. In 2002 the opposition coalition led by Mwai Kibaki was able to win the elections.
The best time of the year to visit Kenya is the boreal summer, from July to September. A second choice is the boreal winter from January to February. There are two rainy seasons, the “long rains” from March to June and the “short rains” from October to December. Seasonal rains condition both road communications and some cyclic wildlife movements. Wildlife is more abundant in Masai Mara during the boreal summer.
Fauna and Birds
All the “Big Five”, lions, buffaloes, elephants, leopards and rhinos can be seen in at least two or more Kenyan national parks. Bird life in Kenya is also varied and includes species like ostriches, vultures and marabou storks. Around water bodies you can see flamingos, cranes, pelicans, while the forest is home to huge hornbills. Kenya hosts the endangered species of the Black Rhinos, found in Lake Nakuru and Tsavo national parks.