Uganda Country Facts

The Pearl of Africa, as Uganda is known worldwide, lies on the northern shores of Lake Victoria. It is land-locked and at the center of Africa.

The Equator, that divides the globe into the Northern and Southern Hemisphere, runs through this beautiful country. The Northern part of the country is semi-arid except where the Albert Nile runs through it while the rest of the country is extremely fertile. The climate is mild all year round owing to its location on a plateau. It has a unique ethnic cultural bio-diversity, very hospitable people and unmatched ecological species.

Over 7% of global mammal species are found in Uganda including 53.9% of the mountain gorillas. The country has diverse drainage systems, water bodies, tropical rain-forests, beautiful scenery, open savanna plains and over 1500 bird species making Uganda one of the best Eco- tourism destinations in the world.

The country holds most of Africa’s secrets. It has ten National Parks and twelve game reserves which together provide a great number of Wildlife and tourism attractions. Among the significant attractions and activities are; Game viewing, bird watching, scenery viewing, white water rafting, butterfly watching, gorilla tracking, chimpanzee habituation experience, nature walks, community walk, forest walks, primate walk, mountaineering, caving, Boat & Launch cruises, canoeing, sport fishing and eco tourism safaris.

Acacia Safaris offers itineraries from 3 up to 18 days to explore and adventure through a wide range of attractions tailored to suit individual tourists needs and interests.

We have a large fleet of vehicles customized to provide comfort for all our tourists.

Fine parks and wildlife, an attractive countryside with tremendous mountain ranges, lakes, rivers and waterfalls plus a rich cultural background among the people grace Uganda, making it a home away from home for any visitor.


Uganda’s recent history was, however, scarred by a descent into chaos and anarchy from the early 1970s until 1986. Untold numbers died; skilled people of both African and Asian origin fled overseas; residents in towns sought refuge in the country-side eking out a bare survival existence. Institutions of excellence collapsed. Buildings, roads, factories and farms were destroyed, or fell into disrepair.

Under His Excellency President Yoweri Museveni, Uganda has tremendously recovered. Law and order have been restored; security for travelers is one of the top priorities. The economy is booming, facilities for various tourists are restored and it is once again a fine place to visit.


For most of the year, Uganda is sunny with temperatures rarely rising above 29 degrees. The average temperature is about 26 degrees, with a maximum of 18-35 degrees and minimum of 8-23 degrees depending on the part of the country. Uganda’s weather conditions are ideal, ranging from the warmth of the lowland areas to the coolness of the highlands in the South West Kigezi.
The rain season is April-May and October-November up to December. Rainfall ranges between 500mm to 2500 mm and the relative humidity is 70% -100%.
The best advisable period to travel to Uganda is the dry season from June to September and from December to March.

A country of wetland and rivers

Acacia Safaris Uganda takes you through the land of lakes given that one third of the country is covered by water.

You will not miss Lake Victoria, the largest in Africa, dominating the southern border of the country while Lakes Edward and Albert lie towards the western border of the country.

Linked to Lake Edward is the magnificent Kazinga channel. Lake Mburo, 230km to the west of Kampala, is the only lake entirely within the National Park.Lake Victoria is the source of river Nile, which flows to Lake Albert after producing the marvelous Murchison Falls, then proceeding into Sudan. White water rafting on the Nile has become very common and is one of the most popular tourist activities. Sport fishing and sailing are two other major water activities.

At the centre of Uganda are Lakes Kwania and Kyoga which are fed by the waters of the River Nile.

Lake Bunyonyi near Kabale, a south western district, is a tourist destination well known for the breath-taking scenery and beautiful panoramic views.

The territory, the biodiversity

Uganda is a country of exceptional diversity. It lies at the overlap between East African savannah and the West African rainforest zones. Seven of Africa’s 18 plant kingdoms are found in Uganda, which is more than any country on the continent. The tropical rain forests of Western Uganda have unique flora and fauna, some of which have already been classified as endangered species. As part of the emphasis on eco-tourism and in response to increasing demand from tourists, new nature trails have been developed in virtually every protected area.

These trails offer an unhurried way of exploring the wilderness and getting in contact with nature.


Acacia Safaris takes you through the amazingly vast birding opportunities in Uganda. With over a thousand species recorded already, Uganda has almost half the species known on the African Continent and over 10% of those on record throughout the globe. Uganda’s equatorial location, combined with the altitude and great variety of terrain types provide an overwhelming array of opportunities for keen birders!

Uganda’s 10 most commonly sought after birds include:

Shoebill, Africa Green Broadbill, Green-breasted Pitta, Nahan’s Francolin, Brown-chested Plover, Karamoja Apalis, Black-bee eater, Rwenzori Turaco, Red-fronted Antpecker, Purvell’s Illadopsis.